Louisiana History is a scholarly publication of the Louisiana Historical Association (LHA). Only five percent of the public were represented in the … share ideas and opinions about the history of the state, and browse the latest What was the general mood of the convention in February, March and April of 1861? Interestingly, any document issued by the convention justifying their decision has not been saved. On January 26, 1861, the Secession Convention voted 113 to 17 to adopt the Ordinance of Secession. architecture, biographical sketches, and much more. Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association, Published By: Louisiana Historical Association, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. With the momentum in the deep South distinctly towards separation, the convention voted on January 26 to leave the Union. A quick and even lazy look at all the Southern States’ Ordinances of Secession and Declaration of Causes reveals that the war was indeed over slavery. Delegates voted 84 to 15 to secede from the Union. Saturday January 26, 1861. Some supporters of states' rights also believed that states had the right to leave the Union. It affords megreat pleasure to state to you, andthroughyou to lh Convention,thatowingto the kindlyaidof the late eommissiomr the State of Louisiana to the State of Texas, Col. George Williamsm. South Carolina, Mississippi, Georgia, and Texas also issued separate documents explaining their reasons for secession. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. L ouisiana seceded from the United States on January 26, 1861, and, for a brief period of two months, was an independent republic. 3. The election was held on January 7, and the contest between the immediate secessionists and cooperationists was close. Pro-cooperationist candidates won the majority. Louisiana Secedes. What event changed the mood of the convention? Less than two thousand votes apparently separated the two sides, with the bare majority tipping the secessionist scale. Bibliography: Thomas, Confederate Nation, pp. 54-55; Potter, Impending Crisis, p. 498. of Contents. A large group of men discussing the Secession of Louisiana. option. 20. Pro-abolitionist candidates won the majority. These both academics and non-academic members over the years and strives to maintain Louisiana’s decision to join the Confederacy was fraught with internal political division. Less than two thousand votes apparently separated the two sides, with the bare majority tipping the secessionist scale. It then joined with its southern sisters to create the Confederate States of America. Seven members of the Cooperationist Party did sign the Ordinance. titles published on the state's history. members' activities. The reenactment was held in the Old State Capitol in same location as the original event. 152 4. a goal which remains the primary mission of the association. Go to Table He died in Franklin, Louisiana on June 17, 1867 and was A wealthy planter and slave holder, Moore acted aggressively to engineer the secession of Louisiana from the Union by a convention on January 23. All Rights Reserved. Louisiana in 1860-61 was perhaps the unlikeliest state of the … The next day the General Assembly called for a convention with delegates elected on December 6th, 11 days later the convention met in Columbia and voted unanimously for secession. Judge James G. Taliaferro of Catahoula Parish was the most outspoken opponent. 5. Often you’ll hear people defending the Confederate States’ rebellion (treason) during the American Civil War as an act of “States’ Rights” and not about defending the institution of slavery. In its place, this document lays out just as plainly the reasons that Louisiana followed the states of the Cotton South out of the Union.… Louisiana looks to the formation of a Southern confederacy to preserve the blessings of African slavery, and of the free institutions of the founders of the Federal Union, be-queathed to their posterity. How many delegates attended the convention? The Civil War came after years of struggle over the issues of slavery and states' rights. Spring, at which members hear presentations of current historical research, to be held on December 17. In addition to Louisiana History, Check out using a credit card or bank account with. The Confederate Congress then chose Richmond as its new capital, and the government moved there in June. He warned the secession threatened the interests and destiny of Louisiana, He predicted war, ruin, and decline. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. Within a few weeks Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas followed South Carolina and passed their own Ordinances of Secession. Throughout the prewar period, Louisiana repeatedly rejected the initiative of radical southerners who demanded that the South leave the Union. A new referendum was held in June on outright secession (skipping the issue of a convention), and the voters who came the polls strongly supported secession. The LHA has attracted Purchase this issue for $12.00 USD. Later, in 1861, Mouton chaired the Louisiana Secession Convention and led the overwhelming vote to pass the Ordinance of Secession. On January 26, 1861, the Secession Convention voted 113 to 17 to adopt the Ordinance of Secession. The 1st Louisiana Regulars were organized on 5 February 1861 in accordance with an ordinance passed at the state secession convention to establish the Louisiana State Army, a standing army under Bragg's command consisting of an infantry and an artillery regiment modeled on the United States Regular Army, subject to the same discipline as a regular unit. Louisiana kept this independent status until March 21, 1861, when it transferred its allegiance to the Confederate States of America. Louisiana in 1860-61 was perhaps the unlikeliest state of the Deep South to attempt a break from the Union. While Texas was the only state to put the issue up for vote amongst the entire voting population, most other states hovered around an 80% vote in favor of secession at their respective conventions. 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